The MMJ Glossary

Marijuana, weed, ganja, whatever you call it, cannabis has been around for centuries. (Check out our timeline for a detailed History of Medical Marijuana) As we grow and evolve as a society, so do the words we use to describe cannabis. In the 1960’s the average cannabis plant had less than 1% THC, whereas todays plants have anywhere from 9-35% THC! Advances in medical marijuana growing techniques and research concerning medical marijuana has expanded the vocabulary we use to talk about medical marijuana. If you hear or see a term you are unfamiliar with, take a look at our MMJ Glossary to help explain what it all means.






Active Compounds or Active Ingredients
This is the term used to describe the naturally occurring chemicals in the cannabis plant that affect our bodies on a biological level, this is how cannabis functions as a medical benefit.



Amendment 20
Added to the state constitution in 2008, legal marijuana is purchasable by approved patients with Colorado Red Card qualifications. See our Colorado Marijuana Laws Breakdown for an overview of the key points of Amendment 20. See our How To Guide to learn about applying for a Red Card.



Amendment 64
Added to the state constitution in the November 2012 election and effective January 2014, adults 21 years of age and older can purchase and possess up to one ounce of legal marijuana or grow up to thee mature legal marijuana plants. For a full overview of Amendment 64 see our Colorado marijuana law breakdown.



BHO is an acronym for Butane extracted Hash Oil. The gas butane is used to extract THC and make concentrated hash oils with a high potency.



Bubble Hash
Bubble hash is a dark, solid form of concentrated medical marijuana made using the entire cannabis plant, whereas some concentrates are made using flowers only.



Our friendly staff can answer any questions you may have.


This describes the part of a plant that will grow into the flowering buds and is the desired part of the cannabis plant because it contains most of the active plant compounds. The development of calyxes is one way to determine if a plant is female or male.


Cannabidiol (CBD)
A non-psychoactive cannabinoid that inhibits cancer cell growth.


Cannabis contains 483 active compounds. At least 80 of these are cannabinoids. The human brain has cannabinoid receptors that are activated when cannabinoids enter the bloodstream. When cannabinoid receptors are activated, they block the release of certain neurotransmitters, which is what makes them so beneficial to our health.


Cannabis Sativa is the official scientific name for the marijuana plant as it is more commonly known.


Cannabutter is the end product of extracting THC and other cannabinoids from plant material and infusing them into butter without burning off the active ingredients.


Caviar is a very special and potent medical marijuana delicacy made by rolling flowers in concentrated hash oil and then in kief.


A clone is simply a smaller part of a mature plant that was cut off and re-planted in order to start growing another plant with the exact same genetics as the mother plant.


A cross-bred plant is one that has the genetics of a different male and female plant to create a new strain.


There are many different varieties of medical marijuana concentrates. What they all have in common is that they are potent in THC and CBD extracts from the cannabis plant matter.


Curing is the last step in cultivating high quality medical marijuana. After the plants have fully matured and the flowers have been cut from the plant, the buds are dried slowly.

A “dab” is a common name for a personal dose of concentrated hash oil.



Ear Wax
Hash concentrates that are typically light gold in color and soft in texture with a crumbly sand or “ear wax” like appearance.



For patients who prefer not to smoke, there are many alternative ways to consume medical marijuana safely. One of those options is by baking with cannabis to make tasty treats that medicate. Most edibles are made by using a cannabutter.



The term female is used to describe the sex of a cannabis plant that will produce flowers for consumption.



The buds of the cannabis plant that are dried and can be smoked or vaporized.




Ganja is just another word for marijuana. Many slang terms have developed to define marijuana over time, ganja is used fairly often.  


Hashish is a concentrated form of the cannabis plant.



Smokable marijuana and hemp both come from the same Cannabis Sativa plant. However, hemp plants contain less than 3% THC and are typically used for industrial purposes such as paper.



Honey Oil
A concentrated liquid form of THC made from potent medical marijuana resin.



A hybrid plant is one that has been cross-bred between and Indica and a Sativa plant, resulting in a plant with characteristics of both types of plant.


This breed of the cannabis plant grows short and wide with fat leaves, therefore it usually better for indoor growing. Indica plants tend to effect the body more than the mind and have a sedative and relaxing high. Indica strains are also good for increasing appetite, treating pain and depression as well as reducing nausea.


Smokable marijuana plant materials rolled in specific papers that burn slowly.


Keif is a naturally occurring substance made up of accumulated trichomes which have detached from the buds in our shaking process. This form of concentrate contains high levels of THC. Kief can be pressed, smoked, vaporized or added to edibles and topicals for easier consumption.


Male cannabis plants produce no buds. When growing marijuana from seeds, about 50% of the plants are male. Although these plants cannot be smoked, they can be used for making butter or bubble hash by boiling the whole plant to release the active compounds.


Cannabis Sativa is the scientific name of the plant, but marijuana is the more common name for the plants and products we sell containing THC and CBD.


Medical Marijuana Registry (MMR)
The Medical Marijuana Registry is a state-run agency.


Medical Marijuana patients are recommended to designate a caregiver to help them gain access to quality medication if they choose not to grow it on their own. At MMJ America, we put patients first by providing benefits unlike any other.


Mother Plant
The mother plant is a strain-specific plant that is kept healthy with the intent of making clones rather than harvesting buds.


A nail is part of an oil attachment that the user heats up in order to take a dab. This usually requires a blow torch. The concentrate is then placed on the hot nail while the user inhales the dab. Nails can be glass and come with a glass dome that is placed over the nail to guide the smoke down into a glass piece. Otherwise, the nail is metal and “dome-less,” meaning no other parts are required.


The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws is a political group fighting for legalization of marijuana and access to medical marijuana across the nation. To learn more about the history of NORML, visit our Medical Marijuana History Timeline.

Oil Rig
An “oil rig” is a glass smoking device designed specifically for heating oil. Oil has a higher burning point than flowers, so it requires a different delivery system than a standard pipe, joint or bong.


Peanut Butter
Hash concentrates that are typically creamy in texture and pale brown in color, with a peanut butter-like appearance. This type of concentrate is also referred to as “budder.”


The visual characteristics of a specific plant determined by genetic traits and growing environment. Phenotypes are highly variable.


A joint that has been rolled by our lovely budtenders.



A quarter is 7 grams of flowers or 1/4th of an ounce (28 grams). 


Red Card
A Red Card is what a Registry Identification Card is commonly called. Currently, all medical marijuana patients in Colorado must have a Red Card to purchase medical marijuana. A Red Card is proof that a patient has been approved by the Colorado Medical Marijuana Registry.


This breed of the cannabis plant grows tall and thin, which makes it better suited for outdoor growing. The leaves of the plant are typically a lighter shade of green. Sativas are known to have a more energetic and uplifting effect and more cerebral high. Because of this, Sativas are better for daytime use. They are often used to treat depression and lack of motivation.

This type of concentrated hash typically has a harder consistency with some transparency and an almost glass-like texture and appearance, with colors ranging from a pale golden yellow to dark brown.


Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
This is the scientific name for THC, the main active ingredient in cannabis and the most powerful of the cannabinoids.


Tincture is a form of liquid THC that is intended to be consumed sublingually, meaning under the tongue, for faster uptake than traditional edibles that are digested by the stomach.


Topicals are another alternative method of using medical marijuana to treat pain. The active ingredients of the cannabis plant are extracted into a body lotion, salve or massage oil that is applied directly to the skin areas that cause pain. Topicals reduces inflammation and soreness.


Small crystalline-looking appendages that extend from plant matter, store THC, and protect the plant during the growing process.


Vaporizing marijuana is a healthier alternative to smoking. Vaporizers come in many different shapes and sizes, from portable pen-sized vapes to larger vapes that plug into an electric socket. Marijuana is burned quickly at a high temperature using, a heating element as opposed to a fuel-powered lighter.